plastic surgery before and after

A Detailed Guide About Plastic Surgery

Today, plastic surgery is a common branch of surgery which is performed to repair deformities as well as correct functional deficits following surgery, injury, illness or abnormalities present from childbirth. This not only improves function and overall appearance but it can boost one’s self-esteem and confidence. The professionals who specialize in the field are commonly called plastic surgeons. Here is a look at the main branches of plastic surgery.

Cosmetic surgery

This aims at improving the smile and overall aesthetic appearance of an individual. There are various cosmetic procedures performed including:

1.Nose job

Also known as rhinoplasty, a nose job is basically performed to reshape a patient’s nose and can be done by a plastic surgeon or maxillofacial surgeon. There are many reasons for opting for the procedure including breathing problems and injury to the nose. It’s important to note that nose job can sometimes be done along with a facelift.

2. Liposuction

This involves surgical removal of fat from the abdomen, things, neck, buttocks and some other parts of the body. Liposuction is sometimes referred to as liposculpture suction, fat modeling or just lipo, and can used for breast reduction in males.

3. Abdominoplasty

Another common cosmetic surgery procedure, abdnominoplasty is performed to reshape and/or firm the abdomen but it can also improve the appearance of stretch marks. It’s an option for people who’ve recently shed weight and don’t like the sagging that can result from this, as well as women who’ve just given birth. During the procedure, excess skin & fat in the abdomen (in specific the lower & middle abdomen) are removed, in turn tightening the muscle as well as fascia of the wall.

Reconstructive Surgery

This branch of plastic surgery focuses on improving the function of various parts/organs of the body, although it may also help improve a person’s normal appearance. There are various reconstructive surgeries performed including:

1. Breast Reconstruction

Breast reconstruction helps restore a breast (s) to normal shape, size and appearance after mastectomy or due to other reasons. The surgeon may employ different plastic surgery techniques, with many involving making of incisions and then grafting of tissue from the abdomen, buttocks or back. It’s important for patients to understand that results may vary, and that the reconstructed breast may not have the same feel and sensation as replaced breast.

2. Cleft Lip/ Cleft Palate Repair

A cleft is a condition where there’s a separation in the upper lip or even the roof of the mouth and can occur during the development of an unborn child. Some components of the lip and roof fail to develop normally. Thankfully, this condition can be corrected through surgery, helping restore function as well as more normal appearance. Your child will have improved ability to speak, hear, breathe and eat as well as a better appearance.

3. Reduction Mammaplasty

For women with overly large breasts, reduction mammaplasty may be the solution to their problems .The procedure involves removal of excess breast fat, skin or glandular tissue from the desired breast, therefore reducing its size and improving shape. The patient will achieve a size in proportion with their body and avoid discomfort often associated with large breasts.